Saturday, September 22, 2012

Dragon, Draco, Draak, Azhdaha, Zmay

The Noble Dragon, 1996
The symbolism of the dragon is complex and powerful, and it occupies an important place within the pantheon of symbols in many cultures throughout the history.
The dragons are very old and important element of the mythological universe. In China the dragon is the oldest mythological animal and symbolizes the Earth’s fertility, the power of creation and the Emperor’s power.

Japanese woodblokck print
In the European culture the dragon mainly symbolizes greed and lust. That is why it has often been depicted as a creature that spends his days stealing fair maidens, and laying on his golden treasure and jealously protecting it. This is in a way a simplification of the function and the symbolism of the eastern dragon, who is basically a guardian of the “ hidden treasure”. Therefore it can be said that the European dragon means bringing the spiritual symbolism to the basic, lower urges and needs of the human being.
Ivan Bilibin
Contrary to the eastern dragon, who is generally a positive phenomenon, in the western tradition the dragon has mainly been perceived as a negative, bad creature, and therefore in the psychological sense he is often connected to the internal problems and obstacles that have to be overcome on the way of moral and spiritual enlightenment.
They represent those monsters from our subconscious who are guarding the threshold to the “Hero’s adventure”, and the higher level of existence. A Hero must slain the dragon in order to get to another level, the next leg of the journey on his developmental path.

St. Georg and the Dragon, 2000

In the Arthurian legend there is a creature that makes its appearance in the story of the Questing Beast. Although described as a creature that has a serpent head and tail, a leopard body, a lion's hindquarters and deer’s feet, it has often been depicted as a strange dragon-like creature. In the story this beast appears in front of King Arthur, who is resting near a deep pool, after an exhausted deer hunt. There is a noise like the barking of a hound pack coming from within the beast’s body. Only when the creature drinks from the pool the noise ceases. After that the beast goes away and disappears into the bushes.

Not being able to understand the meaning of this strange apparition, Arthur goes to Merlin to seek his advice. Merlin tells Arthur that the Questing Beast was the evil spawn of a princess who wished to have an unholy union with her own brother. When the brother rejected his sister's incestuous advances, she made a bargain with the devil, who then murdered the brother and fathered the Questing Beast on her. Significantly, Arthur catches a glimpse of this beast shortly after his own incestuous encounter with his half-sister Morgan le Fay.

Pavel Tatarnikov

However, in his magnificent book Hero With a Thousand Faces, Joseph Campbell gives us another clue as to what the actual symbolism of this intriguing creature might be. He says that this creature’s symbolism is related to the function of the disgusting and rejected frog from The Frog-prince, a famous Brother Grimm’s fairytale, who dives to the bottom of a deep pool and gives back to the princess her lost golden ball.

Both the frog and the Questing Beast are the manifestations of a force that might be perceived as a herald, or the announcer of the adventure. This herald (in fairytales often represented by an ugly frog, serpent (dragon), a mysterious person or a rejected one) is the representative of the unconscious deep, wherein are hoarded all of the rejected, unadmitted, unrecognized, unknown or undeveloped factors, laws and elements of existence ,waiting to be explored. "The herald is often dark, loathly or terrifying , judged evil by the world; yet if one could follow, the way would be opened through the walls of day into the dark where the jewels glow”, as Joseph Campbell poetically expressed in his book.
Therefore, in that respect, these ugly beasts are nothing else but the embodiments of the “call to adventure”.

Wladyslaw Skoczylas

Another intriguing symbolic meaning of the dragon is to be found in the Alchemy, where a dragon (or serpent), called Ouroboros (means tail-biter), devours himself and therefore symbolizes the infiniteness of the Life process, the never-ending cycle of destruction and rebirth.
Lucas Jennis

So, next time when we see a dragon flying over the fantasy lands, we should know that this creature is capable of doing much more than just spitting fire and smashing down the sturdy castle towers. We just have to give him a chance, but at the same time we need to pray that he does not burn us alive, before revealing the hidden and forgotten aspects (treasures) of his character. For he is a Dragon after all!

Monday, September 10, 2012

Back from Breda

 I recently came back from Breda Strip Festival.

I spent two days signing my Tarzan book at the Dark Dragon Books booth. The book was surprisingly well received by the fans and a great number of copies were sold.

The Breda show was again a fantastic experience, and I would like to thank all of you who stopped by at our booth. I hope to see you again next year.

My space at the Dark Dragon Books booth (with Anita)

The Dark Dragon Books crew, from left to right: Amin Gemei (publisher), Marcel, me and Anita.

With Mark Thelosen, discussing the print quality by comparing it with the original Tarzan pages.

I drew many little sketches in the sold copies of the Tarzan book. Most of them I did with a fineliner. Only a few sketches were done with pencil, like this one.

Friday, September 7, 2012

On Nature in the Contemporary Fantastic Art

Akseli Gallen-Kallela, 1899

“A human being is a part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feeling as something separated from the rest, a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.”
- Albert Einstein
“The earth has music for those who listen.”
- William Shakespeare
"Nature is a haunted house--but Art--is a house that tries to be haunted.”
- Emily Dickinson
“I think having land and not ruining it is the most beautiful art that anybody could ever want.”
- Andy Warhol
“The tree which moves some to tears of joy is in the eyes of others only a green thing that stands in the way. Some see nature all ridicule and deformity... and some scarce see nature at all. But to the eyes of the man of imagination, nature is imagination itself.”
- William Blake

Ivan Bilibin, 1902
In the showcase section of Spectrum 18 there are more than 500 images. Vast majority of them (more than 85%) are showing no trace of nature, not a single blade of grass. The situation is not much different in the previous few issues of the Spectrum book. And because the Spectrum annual is a book that gives us still the best impression of what is going on in this field (in all its facets) at the present moment, I can’t do anything else but to conclude that we have almost entirely banished Nature from Fantastic Art.
It appears as if the contemporary artist, working in the field of the fantastic, is not very much inspired, or compelled, to depict nature in his art. And when a piece of nature finally has to be shown, it is often depicted as a piece of prop on the theatre stage, technically and routinely done, but without much love, understanding or dedication. Why is that? Why, when most of us love to be in the nature (I am quite sure about this) we still don’t find enough reason to show this fascination in our art. At the same time it seems like we almost obsessively and abundantly are depicting desolate places, decay, destruction and the lack of optimism in our art.
Why? Is it some kind of fear? Is it frustration? Or just ignorance, reluctance or opportunism? Or maybe following the current trends and hypes is the reason? In other words – our unscrupulous professionalism? Or should we take in consideration the fact that the majority of population (certainly in the West) live their lives in big cities and urban areas, where the only piece of nature they see and have contact with on a regular basis are more or less neatly arranged city parks (again in other words - out of sight, out of mind)!?
Or do we quite naturally and automatically just react to the outside world in a way that reflects the given extern circumstances. Something like a mirror that reflects the surrounding world without any kind of analysis or judgment. A few decades ago, our professor of History of Art taught us that good art has to reflect the spirit of its time. This does not mean that an artist has to be a mere wall which bounces off the information that comes towards him. On the contrary. She meant that the artist has to absorb the outside information and let it go through his inner prism, and then consciously / intuitively and creatively “digest” that information and sends it back into the world.
Not only our fantasy worlds have less need for nature, it also appears that these worlds, ideas and energies, that are populating our canvases, or computer screens, are showing more and more the omnipresence of violence, destruction, deviance, weirdness and ugliness.
I know that we artists need to make living and that the market, that big, self-centered, profit-orientated beast, commends it. If we indeed reflect the present state of mind of the modern world, and its current aspirations, one is compelled to conclude that “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark!”(Hamlet)
Again, we might say, one has to make living, so it’s still better to make art that shows (promotes) destruction, violent behavior and dehumanization, than to sell weapons. Or is it, really?
Let me make myself clear. I am aware of the fact that, after all, Life is full of suffering. Some even claim that “Life is suffering”. I am also conscious of the fact that we live in a world of dualism. Or in more popular terms, I know about the “dark side” of Life, and its relation to the “white (good) side”. Likewise I realize that Art is a subjective phenomenon, but at the same time it has the power to reveal the universal. It is a perfect ground for expressing all kinds of truths and phenomena, regardless whether they are considered beautiful or ugly.
However, I am also aware of something that is called decadence, which in most simple terms implies a situation wherein the means to a goal become the goal itself. At the same time I know about the inborn characteristic of the human behavior to follow the majority, or to be a part of a group. We are social animals, after all. But I also believe (fortunately I am not alone is this belief) that a true artist should strive to be the group’s scout, so to speak, instead of just following the group.
Everything we do contributes to the world of the future. Today we create tomorrow. Did you ever stopped for a moment and reflected on how your art, things you show and promote through it, will influence that future. Which energies, which archetypal symbols, which aspects of the consciousness (and subconsciousness) of the World will be stimulated by your creations. Which kind of signals do you send into the world and the universe?
John Bauer, 1913
“For most of history, man has had to fight nature to survive; in this century he is beginning to realize that, in order to survive, he must protect it.”

- Jacques-Yves Cousteau

If you are from the US, go to the National Aquarium in Baltimore (MD). Look for a big screen that shows the future of the forests on our Planet, in case we keep on exploiting them as we did until now. You will be shocked!
Think about it when you start a new painting and see for yourself how important is nature in your life and in your art. If you find out that you, in fact, are very much connected to nature, cherish this feeling and do something about it. Do not help an infertile and desolate world to come into being in the minds of people, for what is in the mind, will express itself in reality. Be conscious about it, about yourself and your place in the world, be aware of your unique way of experiencing and reflecting Life. Be true to yourself and your art will reflect it. Naturally, as your self-awareness as an artist grows, so will your principles become stronger. That might produce some problems when, for instance, a client asks you to paint something which is against your principles, or far from your preferences. It is up to you how to handle that situation. Making living as an artist is not easy, nor is Life a rose garden.

Alan Lee, 1982
“I like it when a flower or a little tuft of grass grows through a crack in the concrete. It's so fuckin' heroic.”
- George Carlin
Some of you might hate me for saying these words, or feel the need to ridicule this point of view, but I don’t care. I don’t care as long as some of you think about it, even if it’s for a moment, for that moment might contain a magic trigger.
I presume that it is not necessary to say that including nature in your art would not make your art better. Subject matter does not define the quality of an art piece, but the approach and the way that a particular subject matter is perceived, understood and presented. So, the point of this article is not to promote socially, morally or environmentally engaged art (nor am I somebody who supports the L’art pour l’art ( art for art’s sake) notion without reservations), but to raise the awareness.
I am not a Greenpeace fantasist (although I financially support them), or a member of an obscure group or sect that preaches childish or nonsensical things. I love trees but I am not a tree hugger. I try to use my brains and common sense and to love and protect things my very survival depend on. And I am not a naïve person. I know that Nature is indifferent towards us people, and any other spices on this planet. And I realize that nature (Life) has to devour itself continuously (including us, as its part) in order to exist. I also know that when I walk through a delightful meadow, or a forest , on the each square centimeter something is fighting for survival.
But still…it’s home, it’s beautiful, and I love it.
Nature is our mother, our past, present and hopefully our future. And if Art is not an appropriate podium for showing its beautiful face, together with all its mysterious contradictions, and celebrate it, what else is?

Golden Apple-tree and the Nine Peahens, 2012
“I do not understand exactly what you mean by fear," said Tarzan. "Like lions, fear is a different thing in different men, but to me the only pleasure in the hunt is the knowledge that the hunted thing has power to harm me as much as I have to harm him. If I went out with a couple of rifles and a gun bearer, and twenty or thirty beaters, to hunt a lion, I should not feel that the lion had much chance, and so the pleasure of the hunt would be lessened in proportion to the increased safety which I felt."

"Then I am to take it that Monsieur Tarzan would prefer to go naked into the jungle, armed only with a jackknife, to kill the king of beasts," laughed the other good naturedly, but with the merest touch of sarcasm in his tone.
"And a piece of rope," added Tarzan.”

- Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes

Sunday, September 2, 2012


A few months ago I announced the publication of my Tarzan comic book by the Dutch publisher Dark Dragon Books. The book will be released in a few days and will be presented at the Comic Festival in Breda, Netherlands, this coming weekend, 8-9 September. I will be attending this convention and will be signing the Tarzan book at the Dark Dragon Books booth.
Beside the book, the publisher will release a very limited print set edition (only 25 sets), which will include 2 paintings, The Rescuer and The Frost Giants, each printed on A3 format (16 1/2 x 11 1/2 inch), on thick paper. 

Both book and the print set you can purchase during the Breda show, or order through the publisher, book here, print set here. For international orders, please send an e-mail to:
While in Beda, I will have with me a number of original Tarzan pages, as well as some old and new Tarzan sketches and drawings, that will be offered for sale.

In October I will be in Ghent, Belgium, attending FACTS, the biggest comic, sci fi and anime festival in Europe. During this show I will be at the Dark Dragon Books booth signing the Tarzan book.

                                                         Esmeralda i druge priče
                                                      (Esmeralda and other stories)

A book of my early comics, titled Esmeralda i druge price (Esmeralda and other stories) is going to be published in September by Rosencrantz, from Serbia.
This is a very special book for me, for it contains 7 separate short stories that I created in the eighties at the very beginning of my career. Five of these tales were written by Dušan Vukojev, and the remaining two by me.
This is the first time that these comics are being published together in one book. Beside that, two of the stories from this book have never been published before. The book is accompanied by a signed and numbered Ex Libris. The text is in Serbian, but “the drawings are in English”, as my friend Bill Stout would say.
Klick here to see the preview.
For international orders, please send an e-mail to:

Promotional poster

Ex Libris